The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a legal framework that sets guidelines for the collection and processing of personal information of individuals within the European Union (EU).
How long can you keep personal data?
How long certain kinds of personal data should be kept may also be governed by specific business-sector requirements and agreed practices. For example, we have agreed that credit reference agencies are permitted to keep consumer credit data for six years.
When did GDPR come into force?
The result is the mutually agreed European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which will come into force on May 25 2018. It will change how businesses and public sector organisations can handle the information of their customers customers.
What are the main principles of the Data Protection Act?
The Eight DPA Principles
Fairly and lawfully processed.
Processed for limited purposes.
Adequate, relevant and not excessive.
Not kept for longer than is necessary.
Processed in line with your rights.
Not transferred to other countries without adequate protection.
What does the GDPR stand for?
General Data Protection Regulation
Regulation on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation) Made by. European Parliament and Council.
What is sensitive personal data?
The Act provides a separate definition for "sensitive personal data". This relates to information concerning a data subject's racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious beliefs, trade union activities, physical or mental health, sexual life, or details of criminal offences.
What is considered to be personal data?
"personal data" shall mean any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person ('Data Subject'); an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number or to one or more factors specific to his physical, physiological, ...
How can security breaches be avoided?
Ensure proper physical security of electronic and physical restricted data wherever it lives. Lock down workstations and laptops as a deterrent. Secure your area, files and portable equipment before leaving them unattended. Don't leave papers, computers or other electronic devices visible in an empty car or house.
What are the eight data protection principles?
The eight data protection principles. ... Third principle - Personal data shall be adequate, relevant and not excessive in relation to the purpose or purposes for which they are processed. Fourth principle - Personal data shall be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date.
What rights do you have under the Data Protection Act?
The Data Protection Act gives rights to individuals in respect of the personal data that organisations hold about them. ... a right to object to decisions being taken by automated means; a right in certain circumstances to have inaccurate personal data rectified, blocked, erased or destroyed; and.
What is protected under the Data Protection Act?
The Data Protection Act (DPA) is a law designed to protect personal data stored on computers or in an organised paper filing system. For the GCSE ICT exam, you need to know about the 1998 Act.
What is the definition of personal data?
According to the law, personal data means any information relating to an identified or identifiable individual; an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number (e.g. social security number) or one or more factors specific to his ...
DOWNLOAD THE OFFICIAL REGULATION (EU) 2016/679 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL